The official estimates of poverty in pakistan have shown a remarkable and consistent decline in the poverty headcount during the previous decade this chapter examines trends in poverty between 2001 and 2011 using the official food energy intake and the cost of basic needs approaches, both of which are modified to. Literature review the findings of study on poverty worldwide showed different aspects and effects of poverty as the fluctuating nature of poverty it rose at provincial level1 study showed that the stress of poverty effect mental as well as physical health of younger children2 number of family members is also linked. Literature review among the numerous contributors to the large body of literature on poverty lines in pakistan are naseem (1973) and alaudin (1975) although the poverty lines they propose are arbitrary, this was an important step at the time and helped ascertain a standard of poverty measurement despite the use of less. Iv contents summary 1 introduction 1 2 remittances and poverty trends in pakistan 4 3 literature review 8 4 methodology 12 5 empirical evidence 20 6 concluding remarks 23 references.
Keywords: literature review, mountain, child, wellbeing, poverty, health, nutrition, education, child mortality, child labour/child labor go to: with impacts on all aspects of children's lives (asian development bank and world bank , on the impact of the 2005 earthquake in pakistan mohamed et al. Reduces poverty [5, 6] besides showing a merely positive trade and poverty as well as trade and inequality in or negative relationship between poverty and trade pakistan liberalization researchers have revealed a more subtle relationship, which explains that in some cases trade literature review: the empirical evidence. Increases moreover, being a male person provides an advantage in retaining a position above poverty level keywords: poverty, education, pakistan 1 introduction out of schools and it is because of severe poverty in pakistan where more than 60 percent review of literature education. The supervision of the state bank of pakistan and various central (commercial) banks are its shareholders its mandate is to retail microfinance services and to act as a catalyst in stabilizing the country's newly formed microfinance sector literature review in modern era, poverty is known to be the breeding ground for.
In poverty literature regards absolute and relative poverty center of poverty in pakistan the magnitude and extent of poverty in any country depends upon two factors, the average level of national income, and degree of inequality economic survey of pakistan - 2008, government of pakistan, finance. Citation: ali sa, suhail n, ali sa (2016) role of cultural and social barriers in increased burden of hepatitis b in pakistan: literature review j infect dis diagn 1:105 these problems are rooted in poverty and low levels of literacy, resulting in burden of diseases which further results in poverty  this vicious cycle goes. This working paper reviews literature in south africa, rwanda and pakistan on curriculum change, gender equity and poverty alleviation, including: curriculum change for education quality improving maths & science teaching, learning, and teacher education improving gender equity empowering learners, educators. This paper summarizes the existing literature on the links between labor and poverty reduction the vast 8 see baulch (2011) for a review of the methodological issues that arise when analyzing poverty dynamics using 2002 in pakistan was especially hard on landless households because there was a collapse of.
2 literature review in this section we present different theories of previous research in microfinance we explain microfinance, how it works, its role and user , and contribution in poverty alleviation 21 concept of microfinance microfinance collectively refers to the supply of loans, savings, and other basic financial services. This paper reviews the theoretical and empirical literature on the role of financial sector development, with a view to deepening understanding of the rationale of development assistance to the financial sector of developing countries the review leads to the following broad conclusions: (i) there are convincing arguments.
Key words: economic growth, poverty incidence, dependency ratio, employment, trickling down, asia, sub- saharan africa 1 introduction countries in asia such as china ,india pakistan and bangladesh accounting for 411% of total world population have been literature review there would generally be. Summary of literature review unemployment is measured annually as the percent of the labor force that cannot find a job the labor force comprises adults who want to work uncounted are those who do not seek employment, or who have become discouraged enough to stop looking for job in pakistan labour. Trade facilitation and poverty reduction: literature review and framework it is now widely recognised that trade can act as a powerful engine for economic growth and development, especially in asia and the pacific developing countries have long strived for a development strategy that will sustain high economic growth,.
In order to put some limits on the coverage of the vast amount of literature produced in the area, i have tried to survey only a selection of articles and research material that have touched on the major themes relating to the incidence, causes and alleviative programmes and policies on poverty in pakistan. A situational analysis of the street child phenomenon in pakistan: a literature review institute of child health centre for international health and development university college london s o u rce : a u th o r‟s own.
Poverty in literature a number of studies have been conducted assessing poverty situation and its dimensions in pakistan regarding poverty lines, inequality a brief review of some of the important studies is presented below the detailed information available in the micro nutrient survey of 1977 to determine an. This paper presents an analysis of the predictors of poverty of low-income communities in the northern free state region, south literature review many studies on the determinants or predictors in a study carried out in pakistan, also indicated that dwelling type has a significant positive impact on poverty status as. He did not find evidence for a pro-poor partner, ie new connections were favourably targeted at middle and upper-income households over the period 1998–2005, and the numbers of new connections were lower than the original targets this study further shows that the failure to connect. Full-text paper (pdf): background paper: 1 poverty, economic growth, and inequality: a review of pakistan's poverty literature.